As the province begins to gradually ease restrictions on January 31, 2022, the Town of Oakville is ready to welcome residents back to our facilities with health and safety measures in place.
Coyotes are found in urban areas throughout North America, including Oakville. Seeing a coyote in Oakville is not necessarily cause for alarm. Coyotes are not considered a significant risk to people. They are usually wary of humans and avoid people whenever possible, however they are wild animals and we should avoid contact. Most negative coyote interactions are preventable. When we are aware and knowledgeable of our wildlife and act responsibly and respectfully, it is easier to coexist. Review the Coyote Fact Sheet (pdf).
A virtual community information session was held on Wednesday, March 31 where staff and experts from partner agencies were available to answer your coyote questions.
If you missed the meeting, please watch a video of the meeting to gain the knowledge you need to reduce coyote conflicts and learn how to respond to coyote sightings.
To submit any other questions relating coyotes please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Take an e-learning course on Coyotes in the Urban Landscape to learn basic facts about coyote behaviour and how both animals and people can remain safe. This informational module was created in partnership with the City of Toronto and Coyote Watch Canada.
The town’s coyote hazing video explains what to do if you encounter a coyote on your property, and shows you how to haze or scare them away.
If embraced by the entire community, repeated hazing ensures coyotes maintain their fear of humans and know our homes are off limits.
Coyotes may become more visible in the winter as they seek a mate. Vocalizations in the form of yipping and howling may become more common during this time as they communicate with one another. Review the winter flyer (pdf) for tips on how to avoid negative experiences with coyotes.
Coyotes tend to be more visible during the spring – more sightings, more interactions with dogs, more shadowing (or following) of people. The reason for the increased visibility is due to denning and pupping season, the time of year when coyotes are both more active around and protective of their den sites. Review the coyote spring flyer (pdf).
While hazing usually works to frighten off a coyote, it doesn’t always work during the spring when there is a den and pups to defend. The Urban Coyote Initiative states:
“If a coyote seems intent on defending a certain area, particularly around pupping season, your best bet may be to alter your route to avoid conflict with a normally calm animal.”
Discourage coyotes from entering your property:
If you encounter a coyote on your property or when out for a walk:
To learn more, please review our Living with Coyotes fact sheet (pdf).
On June 22, 2020, the town updated the coyote management program to include a newly developed Coyote Education and Response Procedure and Coyote Response Strategy. The new procedure addresses community concerns regarding the presence of coyotes in residential neighbourhoods and provides a clear strategy for how the town and community partners will respond to situations involving coyotes.
Review the news release.
Check out our coyote reporting form, that is now compatible with mobile devices and also allows users to upload pictures and video and post to social media. Help keep your community coyote aware!
Mange is circulating in some coyote populations in Oakville which has led to these animals frequenting residential neighbourhoods to seek warmth and find easy food such as birdseed and garbage. Mange is not a threat to humans or pets and does not directly lead to increased aggression.
Through the coyote reporting form, the town is working with the Oakville Humane Society to assist them in locating and treating infected coyotes. Please report coyote sightings and activity through this system. If there is an immediate risk to safety call 911 as the reporting system is not designed to respond to these types of calls.
Visit the coyote sightings map to learn where coyotes have been observed. This mapping reflects reported sightings and is not meant to indicate the number of coyotes present or a complete profile of where coyotes are present in Oakville. It provides the town and residents with useful information on understanding where the possibility of encountering a coyote may be more prevalent.
Capture and relocation of coyotes more than one kilometre away is not permitted under Ontario's Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act. Research shows wildlife relocated from urban areas usually return or become a problem elsewhere. In addition, when coyotes are hunted or lethally destroyed, remaining ones compensate by producing larger litters and expanding their range. Only in rare cases where an individual coyote is demonstrating unusual / aggressive behaviour or severe trauma or illness do animal control agencies attempt to capture coyotes.
If a coyote poses an immediate threat to safety, call 911.
Contact the Oakville Humane Society at 905-845-1551 if you encounter a coyote you believe to be sick or injured.
In addition, the town offers a number of other resources and links on coyote awareness and co-existence:
Review our January 2016 news release to learn how the town works with our community to reduce human-coyote conflicts.