Wildlife and Biodiversity

Oakville residents are fortunate to live in one of the most biodiverse areas in Ontario with over 900 different species of plants, 185 types of birds, 30 species of amphibians and reptiles, 29 mammals and 58 different kinds of fish. The town has a number of programs and services in place to protect and enhance these resources, including its Wildlife Management Strategy, an online coyote reporting system, a Biodiversity page and information on wildlife proofing your property.

Featured wildlife

Reporting wildlife encounters

There are a number of resources for reporting incidents with wildlife:

  • An encounter with a coyote, observed feeding of coyotes by people or overflowing organic waste materials on public property: Report information to the town's online coyote reporting system.
  • For reptiles and amphibians (turtles, snakes, frogs) along the side of the road please report observations to Conservation Halton's online Road Ecology Survey.
  • To report dead wildlife beside or on a roadway visit the Oakville and Milton Humane Society website for details. You are also encouraged to report information to the Ontario Road Ecology Group who tracks this data in their efforts to improve road safety for wildlife.
  • For reporting dead wildlife on private property, generally, removal of animals is the responsibility of the property owner, however, if a dead bat is found please contact the Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre at 1-866-673-4781


In the summer of 2017, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) distributed oral rabies vaccine bait in eastern and southern Ontario, including Oakville, in an effort to prevent the disease from spreading through the raccoon, skunk and fox populations. There were no confirmed cases of rabies in Oakville.

Anyone who has been bitten or scratched by a wild animal should contact their local health unit, doctor or emergency department.

For more information, please visit the Ministry of Ontario's website or contact MNRF’s rabies information line at 1-888-574-6656.

Get involved

Educational resources

Canadian Wildlife Federation
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters
Ducks Unlimited